How a Cannabis Law Loophole Saved the Craft Beer Industry in Minnesota

“It’s showtime!” 

Raul Julia’s voice erupts from the Addams Family pinball machine, cutting through the din at TLT Pinball Bar. It’s league night at the Minneapolis bar. It’s packed. Godzilla’s shriek mingles with Ghostbusters catchphrases and laughter at the bar. What stands out – especially if you’re from out of state – is the shocking number of players sipping THC Seltzers, most made by local breweries.

While marijuana is still not legal in the state, Minnesota legalized the recreational use of low-dose THC edibles in 2022. It was a strange process that prompted some to ask if Minnesota “accidentally” legalized weed. That “accident” has been a boon for the state’s breweries.

How Minnesota opened a weed leaf-sized loophole

The 2022 provisional law loosened regulations despite the then-GOP-controlled Senate’s objections. Republican Senator Jim Abeler told the Star Tribune at the time that he thought the law in question was designed to regulate the Delta-8 THC market – products made from this less potent strain of THC were already being sold in Minnesota – but didn’t realize the law would simultaneously legalize edibles containing more potent Delta-9 THC. The paper reported that it was “unclear” if Republicans actually knew what the result of this provision might be.

And while the new law didn’t necessarily open the floodgates, there was plenty of room for new products to trickle into the marketplace – even though the specifications on what can be sold were still narrow. Edibles can only contain hemp-derived Delta-9 THC with a maximum of 5mg of THC per serving and 50mg per package. Though workarounds have been discovered, most notably by Minnesota producers of THC seltzers. Lupulin Brewing’s website says its 12mg Smazey THC seltzer has “four 3mg servings per can.” It approaches that 50mg limit in a four-pack of cans.

The 5mg serving is considered “low dose,” but brewers say they tell customers that a 5mg dose will get the consumer high, particularly if they are a new or light user of marijuana. Regular weed consumers say that a 5mg dose doesn’t do a whole lot. They require more to feel the desired effects. Nonetheless, “low dose” can feel like a misnomer for many since a can of THC seltzer with 10mg can be a lot for casual imbibers.

Easy to find…and easy to imbibe

One of the more unique details in Minnesota’s new market is that you can find THC edibles in places you won’t in other states. Edibles – including THC beverages – are sold at concert venues, restaurants, a non-alcoholic bottle shop in Minneapolis, tobacco stores and bars like TLT. Importantly, those regulations have also meant that the barrier to entry for businesses is lower than in other states, allowing small businesses like local breweries to dip their toes in those THC-infused waters.

The legalization may be limited to low-dose and hemp-derived products, but it has not been small business. TLT tells InsideHook that THC drinks accounted for 13% of bar revenue over the last month. Fair State Brewing Co-Op says Chill State THC seltzer has become the northeast Minneapolis brewery’s best-selling beverage. It also told Racket that THC drinks represented 45% of its taproom’s to-go revenue in October and November 2022.

Modist Brewing, also based in Minneapolis, tells InsideHook that 40% of its taproom sales are THC drinks, according to Andy Herzog, THC Brand Manager at Modist. Moreover, in municipalities where the sale of edibles is allowed, they have accounted for up to 40% of the brewery’s total sales at times. (A handful of cities, like Richfield, Minnesota, have put a moratorium on THC sales, so those figures do not include the limited areas where the sale of edibles is not permitted.)

Even the profits are getting high

The numbers vary, but it is nonetheless significant for breweries coming out of a few tough years around the pandemic. Craft brewing as a whole saw a 9% production decline in 2020, according to the Brewers Association, a not-for-profit trade group. That’s the first production decline in the modern era of craft beer, something which has been at least partially attributed to the pandemic. Those issues continued in 2021 and 2022 to a lesser extent as brewers contended with the ongoing pandemic, supply chain issues, and rising prices. Though, strong retail sales balanced out significant slowdowns in taproom and bar sales for some in the industry.

Despite the broader industry struggles, Herzog says THC didn’t save Modist from closing its doors. “Without THC, we would have wrapped 2022 a hair under where we wanted, but we set our goals ambitiously,” he says. “We have gone from doing fine to, wow, we can take on some other projects. We can get around to some other stuff that we’ve maybe been putting off.”

Modist says it looks at its growing THC sales as “gravy” on top of usual revenue, but others have said that THC beverages are more than gravy. Fair State CEO Evan Sallee has called it a “lifeline” and, speaking about legislation that would cut breweries out of future THC products, told the Star Tribune he wouldn’t be surprised if some breweries go out of business without these drinks.

“We actually just finished our brewhouse expansion,” Ryan Pitman, Owner and Brewer at Eastlake Craft Brewery says. “It’s all the same equipment that we can use to make the seltzers and the beers. So, it basically doubles our capacity at the exact right time.” He says that the expansion was planned before the THC gold rush, but that it helped the brewery push plans along as it sells THC seltzers – they deliver THC drinks to your door – just about as fast as it can make them.

Being able to make the drinks on the equipment already in place has made it a smooth transition for breweries. Though, having the equipment already in place may wind up being a problem for breweries in the not-too-distant future.

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